St Peter’s is most fortunate in being home to an exceptionally fine four-manual organ built by the eminent Victorian craftsman William Hill. The church was consecrated in 1870 and the trustees particularly wanted to have somewhere where the music would play a worthy part in the reverent and devotional worship in the new church. Dr Benjamin Agutter was appointed as the first Organist and Choirmaster. Correspondence shows that Dr. Agutter worked carefully with William Hill and Son on the specification for the organ which was installed in 1870.

Organ West Case designed by Arthur Hill (1913)

Dr. Agutter was still Organist and Choirmaster when the organ was enlarged, again by the William Hill & Son firm, to its present four manual specification in 1903 and an electric blower was installed. A grand West Case was added in 1913 to a design by Arthur Hill.

The organ with its 47 speaking stops provides a wide palette of rich and subtle sounds, and is well-suited to the demands of choral and congregational music, as well as solo recitals. A review of the organ was written in 1970 by William L. Sumner and published in Musical Opinion. Sumner, a great authority on organs contributed over sixty articles to The Organ magazine. His article is reproduced with kind permission below.

See also

W.L. Sumner Article
Organ Restoration Works
Planned Works – Feb 2021


Organ Specification

Great OrganFeetChoir OrganFeet
Double Diapason16Open Diapason8
Open Diapason 18Dulciana8
Open Diapason 28Gedeckt8
Gamba8Gemshorn4
Stopped Diapason8Suabe Flute4
Principal4Flautina2
Wald Flute4Clarinet8
Twelfth22/3Vox Humana8
Fifteenth2Tremulant
Mixture3rks
Trumpet8Solo Organ
Clarion4Tuba8
Viol d’Orchestre8
Swell OrganOrchestral Oboe8
Bourdon16Rohr Gedeckt8
Open Diapason8Harmonic Flute4
Salicional8Tremulant
Voix Céleste8
Stopped Diapason8Pedal Organ
Rohr Flute4Sub-Bourdon32
Principal4Bourdon16
Twelfth22/3Open Diapason16
Fifteenth2Violone16
Mixture2rksBass Flute8
Double Trumpet16Violoncello8
Cornopean8Principal8
Oboe8Trombone16
Clarion4
Tremulant
Couplers
Great to Pedal, Swell to Pedal, Choir to Pedal, Solo to PedalSwell to Great, Solo to Great
Swell to Choir, Swell Octave and Sub-OctaveSolo Octave and Sub-Octave
There 4 pistons to Great and 4 pistons to SwellBalanced Swell pedals for Swell and Solo | Trigger swell pedal for Choir

Philip Collin plays the Offertorium in D Minor by Louis J.A. Lefébure-Wély
at a concert at St Peter’s Streatham in 2009

Organ Development

The organ started life as a 3 manual instrument built by William Hill and Son for the churches consecration in 1870. You can see the original specification at the National Pipe Organ Register here. The organ was built to a specification agreed with the church’s Organist and Choirmaster, Benjamin Agutter. The departments were Great, Swell, Choir and Pedals.

The organ was enlarged to its current size between 1903 and 1913. The organ chamber was enlarged when the vestries were enlarged in 1903.

The earliest Photograph of the organ before the Organ Chamber was enlarged in 1903. This picture shows wooden front pipes on the left, and an early south case overlooking the choir.
Postcard from 1902 showing a new West Case (on left) and the existing South Case overlooking the Choir (on right). The framework for this West Case remains behind the later 1913 case. The organ chamber has not been enlarged at this point.
Photograph by Andrew Freeman – 1920

The organ reached its current size in 1913 when the final works were carried out by the William Hill and Son firm. These final works included the installation of a new West Case being formed by the pipes of the 16ft Pedal Violone.

The organ was photographed in 1920 by the local organ photographer Andrew Freeman.


The Layout

The arrangement of the departments of the organ give away its development and provide a source of debate as to the original intentions. The Great Organ speaks out over the choir area of the church. The Swell is placed centrally and the pedal pipes encircle the Swell box. The Swell shutters open over the choir area. This means that the largest departments of the organ do not speak directly into the body of the church (westwards) – thus reducing their impact in the nave. However, the choir organ is directly behind the west facing Arthur Hill screen and so can provide a boost for congregational items as well as being used on its own to solo out lines. However, the choir organ acts as a baffle for the Swell and Great. The Solo is placed at the top of the organ chamber and so its sound is relatively unencumbered. The Tuba pipes peak, and speak, over the top of the south case. At some stage, a second shutter was added to the Swell to speak westwards but this has not been controlled by the swell pedal in living memory.

Location of Swell and Great Departments within the Organ Chamber
Location of Choir and Solo Departments within the Organ Chamber

Two read the article written by W.L. Sumner in 1970 about St Peter’s Organ – follow this link:

Organ – W.L. Sumner Article


Current Condition and Restoration Works

The organ is in fine playing form. The pistons have not been in operation since the 1990s. However, a process of restoration has been underway to overhaul each of the manual departments of the organ since 2014. This has already produced stunning results. The pipework of the Solo, Choir and Swell departments have been overhauled to date. Plans are underway for the phased overhaul of the Great department and the installation of a new capture system to restore the piston system.

Phased works are being undertaken by:

The Duplex Pipe Organ and Blower Company and their Director James Richardson-Jones.

Funding for these works has been through the generosity of our congregation and concert goers. We were given kindly awarded a grant by the On Organ Fund in 2016.

For the next stage of works we need to raise c£30,000 which will result in the restoration of the piston system.

If you are able to help us achieve our next funding target in any way, please do not hesitate to get in touch.

Contact: David Chapman: music@stpeters-streatham.org

To read more about our recent restoration works follow this link:

Organ Restoration Works